Going to an international trip is a dream come true for many people. However, planning for your trip is not as easy as it seems. The biggest challenge for travellers is on how to get cheap airline tickets and how to save on hotel costs. This is because the airfare and the accommodation cost will eat up the bulk of your travel budget.
The location, price, size of the room, the amenities and the reviews are just some of the things that you need to consider before booking your travel accommodation. In the same way, there are things that you should consider before booking your flight.. In addition, you also need to familiarise yourself with some terms about air travel that will help you with your booking.
Here are terms that you should know before buying your air ticket:
1. Baggage Allowance – the maximum number and weight of the luggages that are allowed for passengers to check-in. The allowance varies per airlines and travel class.
2. Base Fare – the basic price of the ticket before taxes and other surcharges are added.
3. Boarding Pass – a card given to passengers after checking in. It contains information such as the name of the passenger, destination, flight number, gate, boarding time, and seat number.
4. Cabin – section of the aircraft where the passengers are seated. Seats are arranged in rows and alleys. It is also divided by travel class. It is pressurised so that passengers will not have a hard time breathing at high altitude.
5. Carry-on Baggage – small bags or personal items that passengers are allowed to bring inside the cabin during the flight. There are restrictions on the number, weight and dimensions of the luggages allowed depending on the airlines and the cabin class. Make sure to check with the airline first before packing. You may also want to check what to pack and not to pack in your carry on bag.
6. Connecting Flight – pertains to flights that require passengers to change aircraft or transfer to a different airline (interline) at an intermediate point before reaching the final destination.
7. Direct Flight – flights that may stop at an intermediate stop before reaching the final destination but requires no change in aircraft. The plane may stop for refuelling or to get new passengers or allow passengers to disembark but it uses the same flight number.
8. ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) – the time the flight is expected to arrive to its destination.
9. ETD (Estimated Time of Departure) – the time the flight is expected to leave the point of origin.
10. Excess Baggage – checked in luggage that exceeds the weight allotment. Passengers are required to pay an excess baggage fee, which is very expensive.
11. Gate – the designated area where passengers are supposed to wait prior to boarding.
12. Layover – the stop between cities. It can be as short as 30 minutes to as long as 23 hours. The stop should not be over 24 hours for international travel and 4 hours for domestic travel.
13. Non-stop Flight – a flight that makes no stop. If flights directly from the point of origin to its destination. It does not land until the final destination is reached.
14. Stopover – the stop between two cities if it exceeds 24 hours for international travel and 4 hours for domestic travel.
15. Travel Class – quality of your accommodation during the flight. There are four general classes: first, business, premium economy and economy. The difference lies not just on the size of the seats but also on other factors such as the food, the baggage limit, refund policy, lounge access, and priority access. Generally, the more comfortable you are, the more expensive your ticket is.